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Ferguson that segregation was legal, as long as things were "separate but equal." In 1951, thirteen black parents filed a class action lawsuit against the Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas. But segregation in all other places was still legal.
In the lawsuit, the parents argued that the black and white schools were not "separate but equal." They said the black school was much worse than the white one. Civil rights leaders focused on Montgomery, Alabama, because the segregation there was so extreme.
However, the military was segregated, and they were not given the same opportunities as white soldiers.
After activism from black veterans, President Harry Truman de-segregated the military in 1948.
They also would not rent apartments in white areas.
Black people fought in both World War I and World War II.
For example, Southern Democrats were able to make sure that laws against lynching did not pass.
Starting in 1890, Southern Democrats began to pass state laws that took away the rights African Americans had gained. For example, they included: Things were separate, but not equal. Individuals, groups, police, and huge crowds of people could hurt or even kill African Americans, without the government trying to stop them or punishing them. Segregation in housing was a problem across the United States.
Then he sent soldiers from the United States Army to protect the students. It meant the federal government was willing to get involved and force states to end segregation in schools.
It fought to end race discrimination through lawsuits, education, and lobbying.
However, eventually, many African Americans became frustrated and began to dislike the idea of using slow, legal strategies to achieve desegregation.
The African-American Civil Rights Movement was a group of social movements in the United States.
Their goal was to gain equal rights for African-American people.